Advanced Technology & Manufacturing

The Advanced Technology and Manufacturing cluster is made up of three sub-clusters: nanotechnology, semiconductors, and automotive manufacturing. Texas’ world-class universities and research facilities, highly trained workforce, strong government and private business support, and a thriving business climate make Texas a national and global leader in all three sub-clusters.
The Texas manufacturing industry employs nearly 874,450 people with an average annual wage of $71,500. Texas is the top U.S. state for manufacturing exports and value of shipments.

Aerospace, Aviation & Defence

Texas is one of the most important locations for the global aerospace and aviation industry in the nation. As home to two international airlines, two of the world’s busiest airports, 15 active military bases, and NASA’s world-famous Johnson Space Center, the state is a key location for many of the largest global aerospace and aviation companies.
The aerospace and aviation industry directly employs over 153,000 Texas workers at 1,300 establishments with an average salary of $80,958 per person.

Biotechnology & Life Sciences

Texas has a dynamic biotechnology marketplace with an estimated annual economic impact of $75 billion. A significant number of top global biotechnology companies have Texas locations, underscoring the state’s vitality in this industry. In 2011, one out of every 15 U.S. biotechnology establishments was located in Texas.
Texas is home to over 3,500 firms involved in R&D and biotechnology manufacturing. The industry employs more than 89,600 workers with an average salary of $73,443.

Information and Computer Technology

The Information and Computer Technology (ICT) industry encompasses many industry segments, including computers, software, telecommunications, and IT services. Dell, Microsoft, Texas Instruments, HP Enterprise Services, VCE, Cisco, and National Instruments are just of few of the major employers that call Texas home.
Texas is home to over 15,100 technology firms, employing 196,000 workers with an average wage of $96,714. The state ranks No. 2 nationally for computer and video game employment, with over 13,600 individuals directly and indirectly employed by the industry.

Petroleum refining & Chemical Products

Texas leads the nation in petroleum refining and chemical products production, and is a global leader in the closely related petrochemical industry. Texas entered the global petroleum production and refining industry in 1901, when the Spindletop oilfield in Beaumont began production with a gusher that made headlines around the world.
Texas is home to 33 energy-related companies on the Fortune 1000 list. Houston, “The Energy Capital of the World,” is home to more than 5,000 energy-related firms. The state‚Äôs 27 refineries lead the nation in both crude oil production and refining. With over 5.1 million barrels a day, Texas has 28.8 percent of the nation’s total capacity. With 100,000 workers employed, Texas is home to the largest petrochemical cluster in the world.


Since the discovery of the Spindletop Oilfield in 1901, Texas has embodied the production of energy. The Energy cluster is made up of three sub-clusters: oil and gas exploration and production; electric/coal/nuclear power generation; and renewable and sustainable energy generation. Texas’ geography and natural resources, excellent transportation systems, skilled labor force, and leadership in environmental research give the state an energy advantage
As the only state with its own grid, Texas’ electrical transmissions and new energy development are free from federal regulation. There are over 848 operational oil and gas rigs in Texas, 48 percent of the national total. The state also leads the nation in installed wind capacity (12,214 MW), and is home to two of the largest wind farms in the western hemisphere. Texas is also the #1 in total energy production, biodiesel production capacity, and solar energy potential.